Responding to a Cyber-Security Attack – A Guide:

Cyber attack

Responding to a cybersecurity attack is a crucial step in minimizing the damage that can be caused by a successful breach. Various figures are circulating on the web regarding the extent to which cyberattacks will cause damage in the future. However, one thing is for sure, cyberattacks are more prevalent than before, and tackling them proactively is the only solution. One way to tackle these attacks is by using different software to test the potential risks to your software or webpage.

Software Composition Analysis (SCA) is a type of security testing that helps to identify and manage the use of third-party or open-source software components in a software application or system. SCA involves analyzing the software code, libraries, and dependencies to identify any vulnerabilities, license conflicts, or other security issues. The use of third-party software components is prevalent in software development, allowing developers to take advantage of pre-built functionality and libraries, saving time and resources.


SCA tools use various techniques to analyze software components, such as scanning the software code and libraries for known vulnerabilities. The output of an SCA tool typically includes a report detailing any vulnerabilities or other security issues, as well as recommendations for how to address them. This information helps software developers and security teams to manage the risks associated with third-party software components and ensure the security and reliability of their software applications and systems.

Formulation of a Cyber Incident Plan:

A cyber incident response plan is a comprehensive strategy for responding to cyber-attacks that threaten the privacy, reliability, or accessibility of an organization’s data or its servers. An effective incident response plan must be able to respond to the employer’s particular needs. The following steps can act as guidelines to help you formulate the desired action plan.

1.    Preparation:

Develop a plan that includes guidelines on how to tackle any imminent threats or cyberattacks. Establish a team of stakeholders from various departments responsible for managing and executing the plan. It may include tips on how to identify these attacks and complete an initial prognosis of the threat and devise what action to take next.

2.    Detection and Analysis:

Establish monitoring tools and processes to detect potential incidents identify the scope and nature of the incident, and collect relevant data for analysis. After identifying the attack and isolating the affected systems, assess the damage to determine the extent of the attack and the potential for data loss. This includes analyzing system logs, reviewing network traffic, and performing vulnerability assessments.

3.    Containment:

Contain the impact of the incident to prevent further damage, including isolating affected systems or networks, shutting down servers, or disconnecting from the internet. It is important to isolate the affected systems to prevent the spread of the attack by disabling remote access. Containing the threat can mitigate the harmful effects of the data breach and give time to the response team to sure up their defenses.

4.    Eradication and Recovery:

Remove the threat or vulnerability and restore affected systems or networks to their pre-incident state, including reinstalling software or restoring data from backups. It includes applying software patches, resetting passwords, and improving security protocols to prevent future attacks.

5.    Communication and Notification:

System adminCommunicate with internal and external stakeholders, including employees, customers, partners, and regulatory bodies, about the incident and its impact. Notify law enforcement or other relevant authorities as necessary.

6.    Reviewing the Incident:

Review the incident response process and determine if there are any areas that can be improved. Develop a plan for ongoing monitoring and testing of the systems to ensure that any new vulnerabilities are identified and remediated quickly. A lesson-learned register can be formulated, listing down any improvements that could be made to the existing cyber incident plan.

7.    Training and Testing:

Finally, use the experience gained from the attack to develop and implement strategies for preventing future incidents. This includes conducting regular security awareness training, performing regular vulnerability assessments, and establishing incident response protocols. Regular testing simulations should also be conducted to ensure that the cyber incident plan is effective and up-to-date.


An effective incident response plan can help organizations minimize the impact of cyber incidents and quickly return to normal operations. It is essential for organizations to develop and regularly update their incident response plan to ensure they are prepared to respond to emerging threats and vulnerabilities.

The lessons learned through enacting the cyber incident response plan can play a big part in securing an entity’s security infrastructure. Early reporting of vulnerabilities leads to a proactive approach to finding possible solutions to eradicate loopholes and such gaps in security infrastructure.